In this tutorial, I will explain how to install Ubuntu linux for beginners. Ubuntu is a complete Linux-based operating system that is freely available and also very popular in the world and has considerable support from community and professional experts. Why is Ubuntu so popular and still the preferred operating system among users? There are several reasons:
- Ubuntu is an open source OS that means you do not need a license and crack technique to use it.
- Ubuntu is an operating system that is often used for servers.
- Very little chance of virus attack.
- User Interface on Ubuntu is more soft and clean so as to provide convenience to the user.
- Time to shutdown and boot is relatively faster, and so on.
In this tutorial, I will install Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS Desktop OS using bootable flashdisk. For other versions, the way is almost the same anyway, not much different, so you do not have to worry. You can install the latest version of Ubuntu through the following link: https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop.
I suggest you listen to the installation steps that I will explain so there is no error when you install Ubuntu especially those who want to dual boot for example you already have a previous Windows OS then you want to install ubuntu on the same laptop / PC. Because if you make a mistake when selecting options in the installation process or when creating partitions, the data on your Windows OS can be lost / formatted.
For more details on how to install linux Ubuntu on PC / laptop, let’s see the explanation below.
How to Install Ubuntu Linux for Beginners
Before installing Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS desktop operating system, there are some things you need to prepare and note:
- Prepare a blank flash with a storage capacity of at least 4GB.
- If you are going to install Ubuntu on a laptop, make sure your battery does not run out during the installation process by plugging in your charger immediately.
- Prepare software to create bootable USB flashdisk like Rufus (I usually use this).
- Prepare the Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS Desktop ISO file that you have downloaded earlier.
- Finally, make a bootable USB flash using Rufus by inserting the Ubuntu 16.04.4 LTS Desktop ISO file. For a tutorial how to boot a flashdisk using Rufus you can read here.
Well, after you set up bootable USB flashdisk, now it’s time you install Ubuntu on your laptop / PC. Notice the steps below.
1. Plug the flash into your laptop. Restart your computer and press F2, Esc, F12 or any other button (depending on your PC / laptop settings respectively) to enter the computer’s BIOS.
2. After entering the BIOS, select the “Boot” tab. Well, in Boot Option Priorities, place the bootable flash in the top position as shown below. Meanwhile, for others just follow the most important only bootable flash.
3. Select Save and Exit tab, press Enter on Save and Exit option then laptop / PC will restart automatically or press F10 key on keyboard.
Next, wait for the Ubuntu installation process.
5. Select the language to use during the installation process. Here, I chose English (default) to make it more understandable. Then, click Install Ubuntu.
6. If you are connected to the internet, you can check the Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware, Flash, MP3 and other media. You can also check the Download update while installing Ubuntu section if you are sure your internet connection is fast because if you choose this option then the installation process runs long because all updates and possibly can error if suddenly internet connection lost. Then, click Continue. But, if you do not have an internet connection, just click Continue without any tick.
7. In the Installation type, select Something else and then click Continue. You can choose another option according to your needs, here I choose Something else so I can create my own partition so the data in Windows (because my laptop is dual-boot) is not formatted.
8. Now, we go to the partition. As in the picture below, we do not have any partitions before. Click New Partition Table to start creating a new partition.
9. Click Continue
10. Here, we I have a capacity of 10 GB which will be divided into 2 partitions. In the first partition the Swap Area is used by the system as a backup memory if the system runs out of memory and on the second partition is Root to store personal data and where Ubuntu is installed. To create a partition click the plus sign (+).
(Note: You create a Home partition to specifically store personal files like music, pictures, and documents Here, I did not add but make it one with Root)
11. First, we will create a Swap partition. Determine the size of this partition to your liking but I suggest not too big. Here my Swap size is 1GB. Then, select “Primary” and then select “Beginning of this space”. In the Use as box select “swap area”. In my opinion, swap area partition is a very important partition (must exist). Then click OK.
12. The result will look like in the picture below. Then, select the free space section, then click add or plus sign (+) as shown.
13. Secondly, we will create a Root partition. Then, select “Logical” and select “Beginning of this space”. In the Use as box choose “Ext4 journaling file system” and in the Mount point box select /. Click OK.
14. The result will look like in the picture below. There are 2 pieces of partition that is swap area and /. Click Install Now.
16. Click Continue.
18. For time zone, I choose Medan (where I am), then click Continue.
19. Select keyboard input language here I choose English (US).
20. Next, fill in the data for the complete user as shown below. When done, click Continue.
21. Wait until the process of installing and copying the operating system data is complete. It usually takes about 10-30 minutes.
22. After the installation process is complete. Click Restart Now.
23. Well, now you have successfully installed Ubuntu on your laptop / PC. Enter the password you created earlier to log into Ubuntu.
24. The Ubuntu interface will look like the one shown below. Cool, is not it?
That’s the steps how to install linux Ubuntu on your laptop / PC. For those of you who find obstacles in the Ubuntu installation process, do not hesitate to ask through the comments box that has been provided. Hopefully the above article useful and good luck. Thank you!